Servant of God Ignacia of the Holy Spirit, Filipino founder of the Congregation of Sisters of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1663-1748)
The few primary sources and historical documents available yield enough information to reconstruct the story of Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo and the community she founded.
M. Ignacia del Espiritu Santo was born, lived and died during the Spanish colonial era in the Philippines . The precise date of her birth is not known. Her baptismal record mentions only the date of her baptism, March 4, 1663 . This confirms the statement of Pedro Murillo Velarde that Ignacia was 21 years old in 1684. Ignacia was the eldest and the sole surviving child of Maria Jeronima, an yndia, and Jusepe Iuco, a pure Chinese immigrant from Amoy , China , who was converted to the Catholic faith in 1652 and resided in Binondo, Manila.
When Ignacia was 21 years old, her parents wanted her to marry. Heeding a call deep within but not wanting to disappoint her parents, Ignacia sought counsel from Fr. Paul Klein, a Jesuit priest from Bohemia who arrived in Manila in 1682. The priest gave her the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius. After this period of solitude and prayer, “Ignacia was inspired by God to remain in the service of the Divine Majesty and she resolved to live by the sweat of her face.” She left home and brought with her only a needle and a pair of scissors. She started to live alone in the house located at the back of the Jesuit College of Manila. Her life of prayer and labor attracted yndias who also felt called to the religious life but could not be admitted into the existing congregation at that time. M. Ignacia accepted these women into her company and the first community was born. They became known as the Beatas de la Compania de Jesus because they frequently received the sacraments at the Church of St. Ignatius , performed many acts of devotion there and had the Jesuit fathers for their spiritual directors and confessors.
M. Ignacia centered her life on the suffering Christ and tried to imitate him through a life of service and humility. She prayed earnestly to God and performed penances to move God to have mercy on them. Her spirituality of humble service was expressed in her capacity to forgive, to bear wrongs patiently and to correct with gentleness and meekness. This spirituality was manifest in peace and harmony in the community, mutual love and union of wills, witnessing to the love of Christ and the maternal care of the Blessed Mother.
This spirituality sustained the beatas in their moments of difficulties especially during times of extreme poverty, when they even had to beg for rice and salt and scour the streets for firewood. The beatas continued to support themselves by the labor of their hands and sometimes received some financial help from pious people. In all these, they did not cease to thank God and to trust in divine providence.
The growing number of beatas called for a more stable lifestyle and a set of rules. A daily schedule was drawn up and community practices were defined. Following the spirit of St. Ignatius, M. Ignacia exhorted her beatas to live always in the presence of God and to develop great purity of heart. She also emphasized charity in the community which was dedicated to the Blessed Mother. The spirit of Mary runs through the rules which were written for the guidance of the beatas. In defining her style of leadership, M. Ignacia drew inspiration from the Blessed Virgin Mary. She strove to be the living image of Mary to her companions and exhorted them to take Mary as their model in following Jesus.
M. Ignacia gradually realized that the beaterio was called by God not only to a life of prayer and penance but also to apostolic service. The beaterio admitted young girls as boarders who were taught Christian doctrine as well as works proper to them. M. Ignacia did not make any distinction of color or race but accepted yndias, mestizas and Spaniards as recogidas. The beatas were also involved in retreat work and helped the Jesuit Fathers by preparing the retreatants to be disposed to the Spiritual Exercises.
M. Ignacia submitted the 1726 Constitutions to the Archdiocesan office for approval. After the approval was given in 1732 by the Fiscal Provisor of Manila, M. Ignacia decided to give up her responsibility as superior of the house. She lived as an ordinary member until her death on September 10, 1748 . Murillo Velarde saw this as a great sign of her humility. She had no desire to command and control. In his estimation, she was a “true valiant woman” who overcame the great difficulties which she met in the foundation from the beginning to the end. She was “mortified, patient, devout, spiritual, zealous for the good of souls.”
A few months before her death, the Archbishop initiated a process of securing royal protection for the Beaterio. M. Ignacia died without knowing the response of the Spanish king but her long life in the beaterio must have taught her to trust in the providence of God. Little did she expect that the beaterio would become a congregation and continue to exist until today, more than 300 years after her death. This congregation, now known as the Religious of the Virgin Mary, is a living testimony to her life as God’s handmaid who opened the door of religious life to native women in the Philippines . She proved that God is the God of all peoples, of whatever color or race.
The royal protection granted in 1755 guaranteed the safety of the beatas but it did not recognize the beaterio as a community of religious women. It was ordained to remain as a pious association. The beatas, faithful to the spirit of their foundress, M. Ignacia, continued to live the religious life even without being officially recognized as such. The expulsion of the Jesuits in 1768 was another blow to the beatas. They lost their spiritual guides but they continued to enjoy the solicitude of the Archbishop of Manila and other Churchmen. In the spirit of M. Ignacia, the beatas lived by the sweat of their faces and persevered in their service of God through education and retreat work. Despite attempts by the Governor-general to change the nature of the beaterio, the beatas remained true to the vision and charism of M. Ignacia and survived the dark years.
The growth of the beaterio into a Congregation and its response to the apostolic challenges of the times show the vitality of the spirit of M. Ignacia. Indeed, her lamp continues to shine as her daughters courageously strive to respond with zeal to the call of mission in different contexts.
The Story of the Congregation that has grown from the small Beaterio of M. Ignacia continues to unfold. It bears witness to the enduring vitality and strength of the foundation, the spirituality of M. Ignacia. The lamp she lit to guide the path of native women aspiring to the religious life and the maturity of faith continues to shine. It remains undimmed. The life of this lowly yndia and the fruits of her spirituality proclaim the immense goodness of God whose generosity is unbounded. M. Ignacia trusted in the loving providence of God and she was never disappointed.
Novena Litany To Venerable Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo For Private Devotion, Singly Or In Groups: By Rev. Father Alfreo Nudas, S.J.
* Based on Mother Ignacia’s 1726 Constitutions , 1749 Fr. Murillo Velarde, SJ’s writings and other witnesses.
* For school children and an increasing number of people around the world wishing to
see her beatified soon in God’s own good time.
1. Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, listen to us.
You whose presence we feel in our families, schools, retreat houses, and land,
You who taught us to pray the rosary everyday to stay with Christ, hear us.
2. Mother Ignacia, pray for us.
Daughter of St. Ignatius of Loyola in the Spiritual Life, pray for us.
Bride of Christ from early youth unto all eternity, pray for us.
3. Mother Ignacia, we love you.
A child of humble parents, like Jesus of Nazareth, we love you.
4. A young girl who made a retreat before making the first big decision of her life,
we love you.
5. The young woman who prepared herself by living alone with Christ in a house of
prayer, we love you.
The young woman who supported herself by working with a needle and a pair of
scissors, we love you.
The young woman who began to attract and receive other ladies to follow her example, we love you.
6. The woman of faith who started the first community of Yndias and Chinese mestizas,
we love you.
The woman of faith who built her community around the Eucharist, we love you.
7. The woman of hope who relied on the providence of God for daily salt and rice,
we love you.
The woman of hope who gathered sticks and firewood to cook her community’s meals,
we love you.
The woman of hope who led her community through poverty and daunting obstacles,
we love you.
8. The woman of love fully aware that love is shown in deeds, we love you.
The woman of love whose goal is to love God by praising, reverencing, and serving
him every moment of her life, we love you.
The woman of love whose loveliness is the loveliness of Christ nailed to the cross, we love you.
9. The founding Superior who insisted on abdicating the power to command and wanting
only to be anonymous and be the servant of all, we love you.
The founding Superior at whose death and funeral the whole city turned out in
grief to show its respect and love for her, and gratitude for opening its eyes
to the values of the Kingdom of God, we love you.
10. Beloved Mother Ignacia, whose community never ceased drawing its strength and
fire from the Paschal Mystery of Christ, we love you.
Beloved Mother Ignacia, whose community started to attract and receive women of
all nationalities and continues to attract and receive them in our day, we love you.
Beloved Mother Ignacia, whose community built and continues to build other
communities to shelter the poor of the land and proclaim the Kingdom of God until
the Lord returns, we love you.
LET US PRAY
O God Our Father, look upon our love for Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, a love
which you yourself have instilled in our hearts and continue to nurture in the power of your Holy Spirit. Look also upon our faith and hope as we present to you our petition for a miracle for her beatification: (Petition)
We ask this in the name of your Son, Our Brother an Savior, who has encouraged us, saying: “Whatever you ask the Father in my name, He will give it to you.” Amen
(1 Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be for the intentions of the Holy Father).